Web Accessibility: Designing for All Users
25 May 2023
Website architecture is availability. The majority of web designers try to make products for as many people as possible, casting their designs like wide nets to get the most people to use them.
And keeping in mind that there’s rationale to that plan rule, it eclipses a less difficult and more comprehensive standard: Design for everyone, not just the few.
Make sure your website’s pages and content are optimized so that every user can enjoy, interact with, and access the data and information available. This practice will help you expand your market and broaden your customer base. 15% of the world’s population is disabled in some way.
These are individuals who, similar to every other person, utilize the web frequently and depend intensely on advanced correspondence and instruments. Expanding your web of interaction can be accomplished by optimizing your website to ensure that users have a positive experience.
You will be able to reach millions of people who are frequently overlooked if you incorporate inclusion into your design.
Accessibility-friendly design doesn’t have to be difficult. All that’s required is that it be straightforward and considerate of all potential users. The following advice will assist you in optimizing your website for maximum accessibility.
The best place to begin any project is with a solid understanding of your target audience. Recognize that your users may consist of individuals with varying capabilities. Some of your users might not be able to hear or see, others might have seizures, and still others might have trouble moving around.
Even though you can’t design for every possible scenario, thinking of as many as you can will expand your design options. Do some research after you’ve considered your expanded audience. Consult accessibility guides, talk to friends who have experience, and read case studies.
Take a leaf out of the educational book Principles of Universal Design, which is a useful resource.
Think UX Now that you have a grasp on your potential customers, incorporate that knowledge into your user experience (UX) framework. You will be able to empathize with your users and consider new ideas as a result of this step, as well as learn about a wide range of assistive technology definitions.
As with the website’s behavior in all major browsers, assistive technologies should be included on the functionality checklist. For disabled users, even the smallest adjustments to the design of the website can occasionally open new doors.
A Basic Change
For example, the simplest change to carry out is the manner by which you use accentuation labels.
Visually, there is no distinction between b> and strong>, and i> and em> are identical. However, these tags have the potential to significantly alter user experiences for disabled individuals.
These tags are similar in appearance to bold and italic, but their purpose sets them apart. Strong and emphasis indicate distinct speech patterns for assistive technology, whereas the more straightforward bold and italic tags are presentational (changing the way the text renders).
However, it is not as straightforward as simply replacing every b> with a strong>.” If not, you should think about omitting the em> or strong> characters unless absolutely necessary.
Inconspicuous changes and contemplations like this can have a significant effect for clients with inabilities. The user experience must be upgraded rather than downgraded.
Designing for the Visually Impaired Although the aforementioned tips already benefit the visually impaired, not all visual impairments are the same.
It’s just as important to provide options that can accommodate people who can still see.
Think about these aspects:
- Allow users to change the size of the font. Most programs will do this regardless of your assent, however it’ll look more pleasant assuming you have CSS arranged for it.
- Red and yellow, as well as blue and green, should be avoided. Instead, why not use color to improve accessibility while simultaneously increasing conversion rates?
- In the alt text, code. Any graphics on the page can be explained by alternative text that can be read by assistive technology.
- Even well-known abbreviations should be separated by periods. A screen reader typically processes information phonetically: envision hearing “Fibby” versus F.B.I.
- Albeit the meeting weakened require less facilities, late patterns in video use on sites have expanded the requirement for shrewd plan decisions. Utilize closed captioning or sign language interpretation if your website contains any auditory elements.
- Stop by any random video that has been processed using automated transcription to see word translations that don’t make sense and can be count-productive. Resist the temptation to use automatic closed captioning.
- The recommendations of the National Association of the Deaf can be found here for specific captioning guidelines.
Planning for Photosensitive Epilepsy
One of the plan worries around the pervasive utilization of video, particularly video that utilizes an autoplay capability, encompasses clients who have photosensitive epilepsy. Strobe light effects or moving images can cause seizures in these users.
Website specialists can utilize the Photosensitive Epilepsy Examination Instrument to check the probability of their substance setting off a seizure.
In the event that the substance is distinguished as in danger yet can’t be changed to decrease the gamble, consistently caution about the potential and don’t consequently play the video. Make sure the warning is near the play button and easily visible.